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Arts & Crafts Movement - 1890-1914

Periods & Motifs are brought to you by: Jarretts Jade Jewelry & Small Antiques

Overview:

During the last part of the 19th century, a quiet revolution took place in both England and in America which imitated the Art Nouveau ideals to some extent. It became known as the Arts and Crafts Movement. It became the feeling that the industrial revolution was harmful and was shown as such by the poor workmanship and poor working conditions. Quality was once again the purpose.



Historical Influences/Inventions:

  • Dislike for the Industrial/mass Produced era
  • Return to hand wrought items of quality
  • William Morris and his Morris Chair - Ancestor to our "recliner"
  • Roycrofters and various other Artisan Guilds

Designs and Decorations:

  • Natural designs
  • Flowers
  • Leaves
  • Garlands
  • Abstract "Nature" designs
  • Peacocks
  • Simplistic Decoration
  • Hand hammering on metal work
  • Hand wrought art metalwork in copper
  • Jewelry featuring soft cabochons
  • Use of silver and enamels
  • Mission style oak furniture

Materials Used:

  • Gemstones/metals
  • lSilver
  • Base metals
  • Amber
  • Horn
  • Ivory
  • Blister pearls
  • Cabochon cut stones
  • Garnets
  • Amethyst
  • Moonstones
  • Turquuoise
  • Metalwork
  • Copper

Important Designers/Manufacturers:

  • Charles Robert Ashbee pioneer of the movement
  • Arthur Gaskin
  • K. Jessie King
  • Arthur Liberty/Liberty and Company
  • Henry Wilson
  • Thmas Carlyle
  • William Morris
  • Gustav Stickley
  • Charles Limbert
  • Elbert Hubbard
  • The Roycrofters
  • Dard Hunter
  • Various Guilds and Communities including publishing houses
  • Karl Kip (The Copper Shoppe)
  • Louis H. Kinder (Master Bookbinder)

 

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