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Art Deco - 1920-1940

Periods & Motifs are brought to you by: Jarretts Jade Jewelry & Small Antiques

Overview:

The source of the Art Deco movement actually predisposes the Paris Exhibition. Some artisans of the Vienna Secession began changing basic style of movement in art as early as 1903. The style was born out of a need to graduate from the serpentine and sensuous curves to the geometric and more abstract influence of many different styles from the Bolshevik Revolution to Asian, Islamic, Indian and The Machine Age.

Historical Influences/Inventions:

  • Paris Exhibition of 1925
  • Vienna Secession of 1903
  • Women's Suffrage Movement
  • The Automobile
  • Discovery of King Tutankahaman's Tomb in Egypt
  • Prohibition
  • Birth of the "Jazz" Age
  • Plastic movement in almost every area of decorating w/celluloid and bakelite
  • Trade agreement with Japan
  • Stock Market crash of 1929

Designs and Decorations:

  • Cubism
  • Geometric
  • Floral Abstract
  • Oriental
  • Aztec
  • Egyptian
  • Islamic
  • Russian
  • Architectural
  • Fu Dogs
  • Disks
  • "Fruit Salad" look in jewelry with
  • Bobbed hair
  • Use of plastics
  • Flapper beads
  • Screw back earrings
  • Chemise dress
  • No Corsets
  • Diamond Straightline (tennis) bracelet
  • Bakelite bangle bracelets
  • Imitation pearls
  • Hats

Materials Used:

  • Glass
  • Synthetic gemstones
  • ruby
  • sapphire
  • emerald
  • platinum
  • white gold
  • diamonds
  • rock crystal
  • carnelian
  • Onyx
  • Chrysoprase
  • marcasite
  • jade
  • ivory
  • lapis
  • coral
  • jet
  • bakelite
  • celluloid
  • other plastics
  • Mother of Pearl
  • chrome
  • twisted metal chains
  • Peking glass beads
  • Venetian beads
  • Ostrich feathers
  • silks
  • figure hugging materials
  • Chromium

Important Designers & Manufacturers:

  • Vienna Secession designers Joseph Hoffman and Koloman Moser of The Wiener Werkstatte
  • German Bauhaus (Art and Design Institute ) in 1919
  • Ballet Russes and Serge Diaghiley in Paris
  • Oriental Costumes by Leon Bakst
  • R. Lalique and Goerges Fouquet join movement with their designs turning the flowing movements into more restricted geometric designs.
  • Boucheron, Van Cleef & Arpels, Jeanne Lanvin and Schiaparelli add their own flair to the design world
  • Silver Screen influence from America with styles worn by Greta Garbo and Mae West
  • Czech designs keep in the forefront.
  • American Designers like Trifari and Coro take the stage from the bigger designers and make jewelry affordable for everyone
  • Flapper look takes hold with the chemise dress, cloche hats and layers upon layers of faux pearls and long beaded necklaces.
  • Chanel makes a fashion statement in Paris and in America

 

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